Apart from patients and families, many of us who are looking for information on mesothelioma have questions we want to answer. Here are 10 of the answers and most frequently asked questions for those looking for information on mesothelioma.
What is the mesothelium?
The mesothelium is a membrane that completely covers and protects all internal organs of the body. This membrane consists of two layers of cells, one layer surrounding the organ and the other layer forming a pouch around the organ. It produces a lubricant which is released between these layers, allowing motor organs such as the heart and lungs to slide easily against adjacent surfaces.
What is mesothelioma?
Mesothelioma is a type of cancer that attacks the mesentery and is caused by previous exposure to asbestos particles. When a mesothelioma occurs, the cells of the mesothelioma become abnormal, divide out of control, malignant cells develop in the mesothelioma, metastasize to the original location, and invade nearby tissues and organs to damage May give Mesothelioma usually begins in the pleura or peritoneum, the abdominal cavity or the lungs.
How common is mesothelioma?
Mesothelioma is a relatively rare cancer, but the number of reported cases has steadily increased over the past 20 years. Each year, approximately 2,000 new mesothelioma cases are diagnosed in the United States alone. Mesothelioma affects more men than women and the risk increases with age, but mesothelioma can occur in any gender and age.
What is the cause of mesothelioma?
At least 90% of mesothelioma may be related to asbestos exposure, but exposure usually occurs years before the onset of cancer. It is known that even very low exposure to asbestos can lead to the development of mesothelioma. Therefore, it is possible that some patients may not have noticed contact with asbestos but have inhaled asbestos fibers without noticing. Exposure to certain chemicals and radiation is also associated with mesothelioma, with a small number of mesothelioma related to a type of radiation called thorium dioxide (toast). This was used in some X-rays until the 1950s. There is no evidence of an association between mesothelioma and smoking
How is mesothelioma diagnosed?
Mesothelioma symptoms are often difficult to diagnose and are very similar to those of other diseases, including asbestosis. Diagnosis of mesothelioma requires a review of the patient's history, including a history of asbestos exposure. A complete physical examination will be done and X-rays of the chest and abdomen will be taken. CT scans or MRIs can also help diagnose mesothelioma.
Can mesothelioma be treated?
Treatment of mesothelioma depends on the location of cancer, the extent of mesothelioma progression, the patient's age and general condition. Treatment options for mesothelioma are namely surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.
Is there a cure for mesothelioma?
The only treatment that offers hope for the treatment of mesothelioma is the surgical removal of the tumor. Unfortunately, because diagnosing is difficult, mesothelioma often progresses so that it cannot be safely operated on.
Is there a new treatment for mesothelioma?
The National Cancer Institute is currently discovering new treatments for mesothelioma and funding clinical trials to improve current mesothelioma treatment practices. Before new generic mesothelioma treatment is recommended, extensive clinical research must be conducted to show that mesothelioma treatment is safe for the patient and effective against the disease. not. Participation in these clinical trials can be an important treatment option for many patients suffering from mesothelioma.
What is a life expectancy of someone being diagnosed with mesothelioma?
The life expectancy of patients diagnosed with mesothelioma depends on the type of cancer, the location of the tumor, the degree of metastasis, the patient's age and general health. Studies show that the average survival time is 8 to 14 months, but it is not uncommon for patients to survive years after their diagnosis.